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JAVA内存溢出异常解决方案

一 调剂 虚拟机参数

二 急速 开释无用的工具

三 使用序列化和反序列化技巧

下面是详细的代码实现

package com.free;

import java.io.File;

import java.io.FileInputStream;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;

import java.io.IOException;

import java.io.ObjectInputStream;

import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;

import java.math.BigInteger;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import java.util.List;

/**

* @author free

* springcomingagain@gmail.com

*/

public class OutMemorySolution {

/奸淫

* Change JVM Arguments

* 调剂 虚拟机参数

*

*

*

* First Try

*

* -Xloggc:gc.log

* -Xms256M

* -Xmx256M

*

* throw java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: Java heap space

*

*

* Second Try

*

* -Xloggc:gc.log

* -Xms512M

* -Xmx512M

*

*

*/

public static void changeJVMArguments() {

long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

System.out.println("Start : " + startTime);

List list = new ArrayList(0);

for (int i = 0; i < 5000000; i++) {

list.add(new BigInteger("1000000"));

}

long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

System.out.println("End.. : " + endTime + " Cost : "

+ (endTime - startTime));

}

/**

* Release Object Immediate

* 急速 开释无用的工具

*

*

* Release Object

*

*

* //First Release Object

* BigInteger temp1 = null;

* for (int i = 0; i < 1200000; i++) {

* temp1 = array1[i];

* temp1 = null;

* array1[i] = null;

* }

* array1 = null;

* ...

* //Second Release Object

* temp1 = null;

* for (int i = 0; i < 1200000; i++) {

* temp1 = array2[i];

* temp1 = null;

* array2[i] = null;

* }

* array2 = null;

*

*

*/

public static void releaseObjectImmediate() {

long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

System.out.println("First Start : " + startTime);

BigInteger[] array1 = new BigInteger[1200000];

for (int i = 0; i < 1200000; i++) {

array1[i] = new BigInteger("10000000");

}

// First Release Object

BigInteger temp1 = null;

for (int i = 0; i < 1200000; i++) {

temp1 = array1[i];

temp1 = null;

array1[i] = null;

}

array1 = null;

long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

System.out.println("First End.. : " + endTime + " Cost : "

+ (endTime - startTime));

// do something start

// do something end..

startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

System.out.println("Second Start : " + startTime);

BigInteger[] array2 = new BigInteger[1200000];

for (int i = 0; i < 1200000; i++) {

array2[i] = new BigInteger("10000000");

}

// Second Release Object

temp1 = null;

for (int i = 0; i < 1200000; i++) {

temp1 = array2[i];

temp1 = null;

array2[i] = null;

}

array2 = null;

endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

System.out.println("Second End.. : " + endTime + " Cost : "

+ (endTime - startTime));

}

/**

* delaySave

* 使用序列化和反序列化技巧

*

Store Object

*

read Object

*

do something

*/

@SuppressWarnings("unchecked")

public static void delaySave() {

final String objectStoreFolder ="D:\\obj\\";

System.out.println("Store Object Start..");

// Store Object 序列化工具

ObjectOutputStream out = null;

try {

out = new ObjectOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(

objectStoreFolder+ "objectFile.obj" + 0));

List list = new ArrayList(0);

for (int i = 0; i < 5000000; i++) {

if (((i+1) % 100000) == 0) {

out.writeObject(list);

out.close();

out = null;

list = null;

list = new ArrayList(0);

out = new ObjectOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(

objectStoreFolder+ "objectFile.obj" + ((i % 1000000) + 1)));

}

System.out.println(i);

list.add(new BigInteger("1000000"));

}

} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {

System.err.println(e.getMessage());

} catch (IOException e) {

System.err.println(e.getMessage());

}

finally{

if(null != out ){

try {

out.close();

out = null;

} catch (IOException e) {

// ignore

}

}

}

System.out.println("Store Object End..");

System.out.println("Read Object Start..");

// read Object 反序列化工具

File [] fileList = new File(objectStoreFolder).listFiles();

int fileSize = fileList.length;

ObjectInputStream in = null;

try {

for (int i = 0; i < fileSize; i++) {

in = new ObjectInputStream(

new FileInputStream(fileList[i]));

List list = (List) in.readObject();

// do something start

System.out.println(list.size());

// do something end..

}

} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {

System.err.println(e.getMessage());

} catch (IOException e) {

System.err.println(e.getMessage());

} catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {

System.err.println(e.getMessage());

}

finally{

if(null != in ){

try {

in.close();

in = null;

} catch (IOException e) {

// ignore

}

}

}

System.out.println("Read Object End..");

}

/**

* Test code

* @param args

*/

public static void main(String[] args) {

changeJVMArguments();

releaseObjectImmediate();

delaySave();

}

}

我常用JDK1.4 写这段代码我用的是JDK6.0发明 急速开释无用的工具 这个措施来办理内存溢出不是很抱负。

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